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Cyclamen is a plant native to Europe and Asia and belongs to the Primulaceae family, comprising about 15 species. In Italy they grow spontaneously in the woods, c. neapolitanum, the repandum and europaeum. The most common cyclamen species is persicum, native of Asia minor, whose name derives from prunus persica, or fishing, in reference to its color, which recalls that of a peach.
It was introduced in Europe in the 1600s and is today one of the most common pot plants. They began to cultivate it and to select it in England, but then they became passionate also in France and Germany to the point that already at the beginning of the 1900s they had been produced of the cultivars with double flower or with the frayed petals. Then he went in search of dwarf and fragrant cultivars, even if, in the latter case, with little success.
It is a highly appreciated ornamental plant. The leaves are heart-shaped and are medium green with white veins. The flower is made up of five petals facing upwards that give the cyclamen flowers a particular and unmistakable shape. They can be of various colors: white, pink, peach-colored, apricot-colored and with little purple streaks. When the flowering comes to an end, the plant produces fruits in the shape of a round capsule. Inside are the seeds, numerous and very small.
The cyclamen is known from very ancient times, it was described by the Greek philosopher Theophrastus, in 300 BC, as a useful plant to excite love and sensuality and this belief was perpetrated following in the footsteps of his teacher Aristotle.